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What they do?

Librarians perform some or all of the following duties:

A. Perform related administrative duties and supervise library technicians, assistants and clerks.

B. Recommend acquisition of books, periodicals and audio-visual, interactive media and other materials for inclusion in library collection

C. Provide reference services

D. Select, classify, catalogue and weed library materials

E. Prepare bibliographies, indexes, reading lists, guides and other finding aids

F. Develop systems to access library collections

G. Perform manual, on-line and interactive media reference searches, make interlibrary loans and perform other functions using Internet and CD-ROM, to assist users in accessing library materials

Where they find work?

1. Information and cultural industries - 69.0%
2. Public administration - 11.0%
3. Educational services - 7.0%

What education do I need?

1. You need a master's degree in library science.

2. With experience, you may move up the ranks to become a library manager.

3. Most recent entrants have a graduate degree and almost 3 in 10 have a community college diploma.

High School Subject that will help:

1. English
2. Computer-related courses
3. History

What can you expect to make:

The average hourly wages for Librarians is $22.70/HR, which is above average for occupations in the art, culture, recreation and sport sector and are below average for all professional occupations. These wages grew at an average rate from 2002 to 2004.

Average Wage

Librarians wages

Expected Wage by Age

Librarians Wage By Age


3% of Librarians are unemployed. This rate is close to the average for professional occupations.


Librarians Unemployment

Trends in Unemployment

Librarians Trends in Unemployment

Current Job Outlook:

The job outlook for Librarians is considered Average because:

1. Employment grew at an average rate.

2. The retirement rate is above average, and the number of retiring workers contributes to job openings.

3. Hourly wages ($22.70) are close to the average ($18.07), and the rate of wage growth is close to the average.

4. The unemployment rate (3%) is close to the 2004 average (7%).

Future Job Prospects:

Your job outlook will continue to be Average because:

1. The employment growth rate will likely be average because jobs gained from the recent government spending on arts/culture should balance possible job losses resulting from technological advances in information systems.

2. The retirement rate will likely be above average and the number of retiring workers should contribute to job openings.

3. The number of job seekers will likely match the number of job openings.

Highest Concetration:

The highest concentrations (per 10,000 people) of Librarians are found in Newfoundland and Saskatchewan while the lowest concentrations are in Prince Edward Island and Quebec.

Unionization Rate:

The unionization rate (67%) is above the average (32%) for all occupations.

Useful Experience:

1. Researching

2. Classification systems

3. Books

Part Time Workers

Librarians Part Time Workers

Part time workers:

25% of Librarians are employed only on a part-time basis. There were 11,300 workers employed in these occupations in 2004, a decrease of 3% since 1997.

Age Demographics

Librarians Age Demographics

Age Demographics:

The relatively low percentage of younger workers suggests few entry-level job openings, and could point to a greater need for workers with experience or a number of years of training. The older-than-average age (46) of worker will likely result in an above-average retirement rate to 2009.

Self Employed

Librarians Self Employed

Self Employed:

Roughly 1% of Librarians are self-employed. This is considered Below average for the industry as a whole.

Men vs Women

Librarians Men vs Women

Men vs Women:

78% of the individuals employed as Librarians are women. Compared to other industries, this is Above average.