Pilots perform some or all of the following duties:
A. Assist captain and first officer in operation of aircraft as second officer.
Flying instructors perform some or all of the following duties:
B. Instruct student pilots in procedures and techniques of flying aircraft and in ground-school subjects such as navigation, radio procedures and flying regulations
C. Train licensed pilots for additional certification.
D. Fly fixed wing aircraft or helicopters to transport passengers and freight
E. Provide services such as search and rescue, aerial surveying or spraying and crop dusting
F. Direct activities of aircraft crew during flight, as captain of aircraft
G. Co-pilot aircraft and perform captain's duties if required, as first officer
H. Test new aircraft to evaluate aircraft performance
I. Train pilots to use new equipment, or prepare them for examination to re-validate or upgrade existing licences.
Flight engineers (second officers) perform some or all of the following duties:
A. Monitor operation of engines, fuel consumption and functioning of aircraft systems during flight
1. In general, you must finish high school, graduate from a certified flying or aviation school, and have a commercial pilot's licence or an air transport pilot's licence.
2. You may also need a university degree or college diploma.
3. To be a pilot, you may need additional licences or endorsements to fly different types of aircraft.
4. Some employers may provide structured training for pilots and flight engineers.
5. To be a flight instructor, you need Transport Canada ratings and endorsements to provide instruction on different types of aircraft.
6. Most recent entrants have a community college diploma and almost 3 in 10 have a undergraduate unversity degree.
4. Computer-related courses
The average hourly wages for Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors is $27.45/HR, which is close to the average for occupations in the natural and applied sciences and related occupations and above average for all technical, professional, and skilled occupations. These wages grew at a below-average rate from 2002 to 2004.