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What they do?

Bakers perform some or all of the following duties:

A. May hire, train and supervise baking personnel and kitchen staff.

B. Prepare dough for pies, bread and rolls and sweet goods, and prepare batters for muffins, cookies, cakes, icings and frostings according to recipes or special customer orders

C. Operate machinery

D. Bake mixed doughs and batters

E. Frost and decorate cakes or other baked goods

F. Ensure quality of products meets established standards

G. Draw up production schedule to determine type and quantity of goods to produce

Where they find work?

1. Retail trade - 42.0%
2. Food manufacturing - 31.0%
3. Accommodation and food services - 23.0%
4. Wholesale trade - 2.0%

What education do I need?

1. You usually need a high school diploma. You also need a three- to four-year apprenticeship program or a college/other program for bakers.

2. You may need on-the-job training.

3. Trade certification is available, but voluntary, in all provinces/territories except Manitoba and Saskatchewan.

4. Red Seal, an interprovincial trade certification, is also available to qualified bakers.

5. Most recent entrants have a community college diploma, and almost 2 in 5 have a trade/vocational certificate.

High School Subject that will help:

1. Math
2. English
3. Family Studies (Home Economics)
4. Health

What can you expect to make:

The average hourly wages for Bakers is $11.16/HR, which is close to the average for occupations in the sale and service sector and are below average for all technical, professional, and skilled occupations. These wages grew at an average rate from 2002 to 2004.

Average Wage

Bakers wages

Expected Wage by Age

Bakers Wage By Age


4% of Bakers are unemployed. This rate is close to the average for technical, professional, and skilled occupations.


Bakers Unemployment

Trends in Unemployment

Bakers Trends in Unemployment

Current Job Outlook:

The job outlook for Bakers is considered Below Average because:

1. Employment grew at a below-average rate.

2. Hourly wages ($11.16) are below the average ($18.07), and the rate of wage growth is close to the average.

3. The unemployment rate (4%) is close to the 2004 average (7%).

Future Job Prospects:

Your job outlook will continue to be Below Average because:

1. The employment growth rate will likely be above average, partly because of the rising popularity of fresh and local products.

2. Although the retirement rate will likely be below average, the number of retiring workers should contribute to job openings.

3. The number of job seekers will likely match the number of job openings.

Highest Concetration:

The highest concentrations (per 10,000 people) of Bakers are found in Alberta and British Columbia while the lowest concentrations are in Manitoba and Saskatchewan.

Unionization Rate:

The unionization rate (30%) is close to the average (32%) for all occupations.

Useful Experience:

1. Cooking

2. Customer service

3. Creative work

Part Time Workers

Bakers Part Time Workers

Part time workers:

27% of Bakers are employed only on a part-time basis. There were 33,500 workers employed in these occupations in 2004, a decrease of 10% since 1997.

Age Demographics

Bakers Age Demographics

Age Demographics:

The relatively high percentage of younger workers suggests more entry-level positions and jobs that may serve as stepping stones in a career. The retirement rate to 2009 will likely be below average because of a tendency to retire at an older-than-average age (65).

Self Employed

Bakers Self Employed

Self Employed:

Roughly 3% of Bakers are self-employed. This is considered Average for the industry as a whole.

Men vs Women

Bakers Men vs Women

Men vs Women:

54% of the individuals employed as Bakers are women. Compared to other industries, this is Average.