Optometrists examine, diagnose, treat, manage, and prevent diseases/disorders of the eye, and prescribe and dispense eyeglasses/contact lenses.
Chiropractors diagnose and treat disorders of the neuromusculoskeletal system with manipulation and other techniques, and provide holistic health care.
Osteopathic physicians diagnose, treat, and prescribe for patients' medical, surgical, and obstetrical problems. Their training includes an emphasis on the use of the musculoskeletal system in restoring health.
Naturopathic doctors diagnose, treat and prevent diseases/disorders using natural non-invasive therapies and hands-on techniques such as acupuncture/Asian medicine, botanical (herbal) medicine, clinical nutrition, homeopathic medicine, physical medicine, and lifestyle counselling.
1. In general, you must complete a college or university program, and you may need a licence for the province/territory where you'll work as well as membership in a professional association.
2. To be an optometrist, you need a three-year college program with mathematics/science courses and a four-year university degree in optometry, and you must pass the Canadian Standard Assessment in optometry and provincial/territorial exams.
3. To be a chiropractor, you must complete three years of university science studies, obtain a degree from an accredited chiropractic college, and pass the Canadian Chiropractic Examining Board and provincial/territorial exams.
4. To be an orthoptist, you need two years' education after high school in a science specialization, two years' hospital-based training, and supervised practical training.
5. To be an osteopathic physician, you need a university degree, a four-year osteopathic medicine program, and two to five years of post-graduate training.
6. Most recent entrants have an undergraduate university degree.
The average hourly wages for Optometrists, Chiropractors and Other Health Diagnosing and Treating Professionals is $21.37/HR, which is close to the average for occupations in the health sector and below average for all professional occupations. These wages grew at an above-average rate from 2002 to 2004.