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University Professors and Assistants

What they do?

University professors:

A. Teach courses to undergraduate/graduate students; conduct lectures, laboratory sessions, and discussion groups; participate in university governance; direct/advise on research programs; and advise students on academic/career matters

B. Specialize in particular subjects such as anatomy, biology, chemistry, physics, geography, history, computer science, sociology, political science, and engineering and conduct research in their area of specialization

Post-secondary teaching and research assistants:

A. Organize reference/other materials; conduct literature searches, seminars, and laboratory sessions; and perform other activities to assist university professors, community college/CEGEP teachers, and other faculty members in teaching/research activities

B. Work in their field of study

Where they find work?

1. Educational services - 95.0%
2. Scientific research and development services - 2.0%
3. Health care and social assistance - 1.0%

What education do I need?

1. To be a university professor, you need a doctoral degree in your field of study. You may need licences or professional certification for teaching in certain professionally regulated fields such as medicine, law, psychology, engineering, and architecture.

2. To be a post-secondary teaching and research assistant, you need to be enroled in a college, CEGEP or university, or have completed a university degree.

3. Most recent entrants have an undergraduate university degree and almost 2 in 5 have a graduate degree.

High School Subject that will help:

1. English (Communication)
2. Your Choice of Specialty: Science, Business, Math, History

What can you expect to make:

The average hourly wages for University Professors and Assistants is $24.40/HR, which is close to the average for occupations in the social science, education, government service and religion and are close to the average for all professional occupations. These wages grew at an above-average rate from 2002 to 2004.

Average Wage

University Professors and Assistants wages

Expected Wage by Age

University Professors and Assistants Wage By Age


5% of University Professors and Assistants are unemployed. This rate is above the average for professional occupations.


University Professors and Assistants Unemployment

Trends in Unemployment

University Professors and Assistants Trends in Unemployment

Current Job Outlook:

The job outlook for University Professors and Assistants is considered Average because:

1. Employment grew at an average rate.

2. Hourly wages ($24.40) are close to the average ($18.07), and the rate of wage growth is above average.

3. The unemployment rate (5%) is close to the 2004 average (7%).

Future Job Prospects:

Your job outlook will continue to be Average because:

1. The employment growth rate will likely be above average because of increased government spending on education/research. Also, demand for post-secondary educational services will increase as new workplace technologies require workers to have more training.

2. Although the retirement rate will likely be average, the number of retiring workers should contribute to job openings.

3. The number of job seekers will likely exceed the number of job openings.

Highest Concetration:

The highest concentrations (per 10,000 people) of University Professors and Assistants are found in Nova Scotia and Saskatchewan while the lowest concentrations are in New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.

Unionization Rate:

The unionization rate (54%) is above the average (32%) for all occupations.

Useful Experience:

1. Research

2. Teaching

3. Interpersonal skills

Part Time Workers

University Professors and Assistants Part Time Workers

Part time workers:

30% of University Professors and Assistants are employed only on a part-time basis. There were 107,400 workers employed in these occupations in 2004, an increase of 46% since 1997.

Age Demographics

University Professors and Assistants Age Demographics

Age Demographics:

The retirement rate to 2009 will likely be average influenced by a similar-to-average age of workers (39).

Self Employed

University Professors and Assistants Self Employed

Self Employed:

Roughly 0% of University Professors and Assistants are self-employed. This is considered Below average for the industry as a whole.

Men vs Women

University Professors and Assistants Men vs Women

Men vs Women:

42% of the individuals employed as University Professors and Assistants are women. Compared to other industries, this is Average.