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Primary Production Labourers

What they do?

Harvesting labourers harvest, sort, and pack crops.

A. Landscaping and grounds maintenance labourers help construct and maintain landscapes by spreading soil, laying sod and planting, cutting, pruning, spraying, and dusting flowers, grass, shrubs, and trees.

B. Aquaculture labourers help maintain fish stock and operate, clean, and maintain equipment in fish hatcheries/aquatic farms.

C. Marine plant gatherers collect and load seaweed, dulse, and Irish moss.

D. Shellfish harvesters dig, sort, clean, and transport shellfish.

E. Mine labourers help maintain, construct, and clean underground mines, and load, move, sort, and pile materials/supplies.

F. Oil and gas drilling, servicing, and related labourers handle sections of pipe and drill stems during drilling operations, and clean/maintain equipment.

Where they find work?

1. Administrative and support waste management and remediation services - 34.0%
2. Arts entertainment and recreation - 14.0%
3. Farms - 10.0%
4. Public administration - 8.0%
5. Support activities for mining and oil and gas extraction - 5.0%
6. Forestry and logging - 4.0%
7. Support activities for forestry - 4.0%

What education do I need?

1. You may need a high school diploma and specialized training.

2. To be a landscaping and grounds maintenance labourer, you may need a licence to apply chemical fertilizers and pesticides.

3. To be a shellfish harvester, you need a commercial fishing licence.

4. To be an oil and gas drilling and servicing, logging or forestry labourer, you may need a Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS), safety and/or other certificates relevant to your area of work.

5. Many recent entrants have a community college diploma, and almost 3 in 10 have an undergraduate university degree.

High School Subject that will help:

1. Computer Basics - Word and Excel
2. Physical Education
3. Sciences
4. Machine Shop

What can you expect to make:

The average hourly wages for Primary Production Labourers is $13.19/HR, which is below average for occupations in the primary industry sector and are close to the average for all labouring and elemental occupations. These wages grew at an above-average rate from 2002 to 2004.

Average Wage

Primary Production Labourers wages

Expected Wage by Age

Primary Production Labourers Wage By Age


25% of Primary Production Labourers are unemployed. This rate is above the average for labouring and elemental occupations.


Primary Production Labourers Unemployment

Trends in Unemployment

Primary Production Labourers Trends in Unemployment

Current Job Outlook:

The job outlook for Primary Production Labourers is considered Below Average because:

1. Employment grew at an above-average rate.

2. Hourly wages ($13.19) are below the average ($18.07), and the rate of wage growth is above average.

3. The unemployment rate (25%) is above the 2004 average (7%).

Future Job Prospects:

Your job outlook will continue to be Below Average because:

1. The employment growth rate will likely be below average as technological advances/improved productivity allow more to be done with fewer workers.

2. The retirement rate will likely be below average, and the number of retiring workers should not contribute significantly to job openings.

3. The number of job seekers will likely exceed the number of job openings.

Highest Concetration:

The highest concentrations (per 10,000 people) of Primary Production Labourers are found in British Columbia and Prince Edward Island while the lowest concentrations are in Quebec and Newfoundland.

Unionization Rate:

The unionization rate (19%) is close to the average (32%) for all occupations.

Useful Experience:

1. Physical/outdoor work

2. Communication skills

3. Taking direction

Part Time Workers

Primary Production Labourers Part Time Workers

Part time workers:

14% of Primary Production Labourers are employed only on a part-time basis. There were 85,200 workers employed in these occupations in 2004, an increase of 18% since 1997.

Age Demographics

Primary Production Labourers Age Demographics

Age Demographics:

The relatively high percentage of younger workers suggests more entry-level positions and jobs that may serve as stepping stones in a career. The younger-than-average age (32) of worker will likely result in a below-average retirement rate to 2009.

Self Employed

Primary Production Labourers Self Employed

Self Employed:

Roughly 3% of Primary Production Labourers are self-employed. This is considered Average for the industry as a whole.

Men vs Women

Primary Production Labourers Men vs Women

Men vs Women:

18% of the individuals employed as Primary Production Labourers are women. Compared to other industries, this is Average.