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Soil and Plant Scientists - What They Do

Soil and Plant Scientists generally receive a Bachelor's degree before they enter the job market. Once employed, Soil and Plant Scientists can expect to earn an average of $64,000 per year throughout their career.

In addition, over the coming 10 years Soil and Plant Scientists will see fairly rapid growth within their industry. They should experience a 8.4% rate of growth during this time period. In respect to starting your own business, Soil and Plant Scientists are fairly entrepreneurial in nature. Currently, 19.5% of the employment base is classified as self-employed.

Given the job environment today, Soil and Plant Scientists can consider themselves quite lucky, as only 4.0% are currently unemployed.

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Academic Programs of Interest


Agricultural education is instruction about crop production, livestock management, soil and water conservation, and various other aspects of agriculture. Agricultural education includes instruction in food education, such as nutrition. Agricultural and food education improves the quality of life for ...more

Agronomy and Crop Science

Agronomy is a branch of agricultural science that deals with the study of field crops and grassland management and the soils in which they grow. It involves the production of food products from farming, the production of animal feed and fiber crops. Turf grass, pasture and rangeland management also ...more

Botany/Plant Biology

Botany is the scientific study of plant life. As a branch of biology, it is also called plant science(s), phytology, or plant biology. Botany covers a wide range of scientific disciplines that study plants, algae, and fungi including: structure, growth, reproduction, metabolism, development, diseases, ...more


Floriculture, or flower farming, is a discipline of horticulture concerned with the cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for gardens and for floristry, comprising the floral industry. The development plant breeding of new varieties is a major occupation of floriculturists.

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Food Science

Food science is a discipline concerned with all technical aspects of food, beginning with harvesting or slaughtering, and ending with its cooking and consumption. It is considered one of the agricultural sciences, and is usually considered distinct from the field of nutrition.

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Horticulture is the culture or growing of garden plants. Horticulture as classically defined is the subdivision of agriculture dealing in gardening, in contrast to agronomy, which deals with field crops and the production of grains and forage, and forestry which deals with forest trees and products ...more

Soil Science

Sometimes terms which refer to branches of soil science, such as pedology (formation, chemistry, morphology and classification of soil) and edaphology (influence of soil on organisms, especially plants), are used as if synonymous with soil science. The diversity of names associated with this discipline ...more