Soil and Plant Scientists - What They Do


Soil and Plant Scientists generally receive a Bachelor's degree before they enter the job market.

Once employed, Soil and Plant Scientists can expect to earn an average of $64,000.00 per year throughout their career.

In addition, over the coming 10 years Soil and Plant Scientists will see fairly rapid growth within their industry. They should experience a 8.4% rate of growth during this time period.

In respect to starting your own business, Soil and Plant Scientists are fairly entrepreneurial in nature. Currently, 19.5% of the employment base is classified as self-employed.

Given the job environment today, Soil and Plant Scientists can consider themselves quite lucky, as only 4.0% are currently unemployed.

Academic Programs of Interest

Agriculture
Agricultural education is instruction about crop production, livestock management, soil and water conservation, and various other aspects of agriculture. Agricultural education includes instruction in food education, such as nutrition. Agricultural and food education improves the quality of life for all people by helping farmers increase production, conserve resources, and provide nutritious foods. more
Agronomy and Crop Science
Agronomy is a branch of agricultural science that deals with the study of field crops and grassland management and the soils in which they grow. It involves the production of food products from farming, the production of animal feed and fiber crops. Turf grass, pasture and rangeland management also are covered.

Agronomists work to develop methods that will improve the use of soil and increase... more
Botany/Plant Biology
Botany is the scientific study of plant life. As a branch of biology, it is also called plant science(s), phytology, or plant biology. Botany covers a wide range of scientific disciplines that study plants, algae, and fungi including: structure, growth, reproduction, metabolism, development, diseases, and chemical properties and evolutionary relationships between the different groups.

The study of plants and botany began with tribal lore, used... more
Floriculture
Floriculture, or flower farming, is a discipline of horticulture concerned with the cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for gardens and for floristry, comprising the floral industry. The development plant breeding of new varieties is a major occupation of floriculturists.

Floriculture crops include bedding plants, flowering plants, foliage plants or houseplants, cut cultivated greens, and cut flowers. As distinguished from nursery crops, floriculture crops are... more
Food Science
Food science is a discipline concerned with all technical aspects of food, beginning with harvesting or slaughtering, and ending with its cooking and consumption. It is considered one of the agricultural sciences, and is usually considered distinct from the field of nutrition.

Examples of the activities of food scientists include the development of new food products, design of processes to produce these foods, choice of... more
Horticulture
Horticulture is the culture or growing of garden plants. Horticulture as classically defined is the subdivision of agriculture dealing in gardening, in contrast to agronomy, which deals with field crops and the production of grains and forage, and forestry which deals with forest trees and products related to them.

Horticulturists work in plant propagation, crop production, plant breeding and genetic engineering, plant biochemistry, plant physiology,... more
Soil Science
Sometimes terms which refer to branches of soil science, such as pedology (formation, chemistry, morphology and classification of soil) and edaphology (influence of soil on organisms, especially plants), are used as if synonymous with soil science. The diversity of names associated with this discipline is related to the various associations concerned. Indeed, engineers, agronomists, chemists, geologists, geographers, biologists, microbiologists, sylviculturists, sanitarians, archaeologists, and specialists in... more