Social Scientists - What They Do

How to Advance (Advancement)

The GIS Certification Institute (GISCI) has voluntary certification programs for geography professionals in GIS. To qualify for professional distinction, individuals must meet education and experience requirements and pass a written examination. The professional recognition these certifications bestow can often help geographers find employment—especially those who do not have a master’s or Ph.D. degree. Workers in these jobs, however, may not be called "geographers," but instead may be referred to by a different title, such as "GIS analyst" or "GIS specialist."

Some social scientists advance to top-level research and administrative positions. Advancement often depends on the number and quality of reports that social scientists publish or their ability to design studies.

Job Outlook

Overall employment is projected to grow much faster than average, but varies by detailed occupation. For anthropologists and archaeologists, opportunities will be best with management, scientific, and technical consulting services companies. For geographers, opportunities will be best for those who have GIS experience or knowledge. Keen competition is expected for historian jobs because the number of applicants typically outnumbers the number of positions available.

Earnings

Wages of anthropologists and archaeologists, geographers, and historians vary.

Median annual wages for anthropologists and archaeologists is $73,910. The middle 50 percent earned between $59,200 and $90,980. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $52,150, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $119,490.

Median annual wages of geographers is $86,500. The middle 50 percent earned between $71,390 and $102,590. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $58,780, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $117,540.

For historians, median annual wages is $74,530. The middle 50 percent earned between $53,570 and $97,290. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $45,670, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $116,530.

The Federal Government’s average annual salary for anthropologists was $108,302; for archaeologists, $90,606; for geographers, $99,223; and for historians, $107,730.

Beginning salaries were higher in selected areas of the country where the prevailing local pay level was higher.

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Academic Programs of Interest

Criminal Science
Criminology is the scientific study of crime as an individual and social phenomenon. Criminological research areas include the incidence and forms of crime as well as its causes and consequences. They also include social and governmental regulations and reactions to crime. Criminology is an interdisciplinary field in the behavioural sciences, drawing especially on the research of sociologists and psychologists, as well as on writings in... more
Social Work
Social Workers are concerned with social problems, their causes, their solutions and their human impacts. Social workers work with individuals, families, groups, organizations and communities. Social Work is the profession committed to the pursuit of social justice, to the enhancement of the quality of life, and to the development of the full potential of each individual, group and community in society.

Professional Social Workers are... more