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What is a Geoscientist?

Geoscientists study the composition, changes and history of the earth. Historical data and samples are studied to determine a likely area for the existence of an ore body. Geologists, Geochemists and Geophysicists conduct programs of exploration and research to extend knowledge of the structure, composition and processes of the earth, to locate and identify hydrocarbon, mineral and groundwater resources, to plan and implement programs of hydrocarbon and mineral extraction and to assess and mitigate the effects of development and waste disposal projects on the environment. They are employed by petroleum and mining companies, consulting geology, geophysics and engineering firms and by governments and educational institutions or they may be self-employed.