1. Completion of secondary school is usually required.
2. Completion of a regulated apprenticeship program in stationary or power engineering or On-the-job training and additional courses or a college training program in stationary or power engineering or building systems operations are required.
3. Provincial or territorial certification or licensing according to class (4th, 3rd, 2nd and 1st class and an additional 5th class in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and the Northwest Territories) is required.
4. Certification according to class (4th, 3rd, 2nd or 1st class for heating and steam engines and class B or A for refrigeration) is required in Quebec.
5. Most recent entrants have a community college diploma, and almost 2 in 5 have a trade/vocational certificate.