Pilots perform some or all of the following duties:
A. Assist captain and first officer in operation of aircraft as second officer.
Flying instructors perform some or all of the following duties:
B. Instruct student pilots in procedures and techniques of flying aircraft and in ground-school subjects such as navigation, radio procedures and flying regulations
C. Train licensed pilots for additional certification.
D. Fly fixed wing aircraft or helicopters to transport passengers and freight
E. Provide services such as search and rescue, aerial surveying or spraying and crop dusting
F. Direct activities of aircraft crew during flight, as captain of aircraft
G. Co-pilot aircraft and perform captain's duties if required, as first officer
H. Test new aircraft to evaluate aircraft performance
I. Train pilots to use new equipment, or prepare them for examination to re-validate or upgrade existing licences.
Flight engineers (second officers) perform some or all of the following duties:
A. Monitor operation of engines, fuel consumption and functioning of aircraft systems during flight